US DoD releases EMS superiority strategy

By Monitoring Desk
Friday – October 30, 2020
ARLINGTON (United States): The United States (US) department of defence (DoD) announced the release of the electromagnetic spectrum (EMS) superiority strategy, Thursday, the strategy attests to the need for freedom of action in the EMS, at the time, place, and parameters of US DoD’s choosing as a required precursor to the successful conduct of operations in all domains.

According to a press release, “The rise of mobile systems and digital technology worldwide has placed enormous strain on the available spectrum for US DoD’s command, control, and communication needs.”

“This strategy will help set the conditions needed to ensure our warfighters have freedom of action within the EMS to successfully conduct operations and training in congested, contested and constrained multi-domain environments worldwide,” US DoD chief information officer (CIO) Dana Deasy said.

The purpose of the strategy is to align US DoD EMS activities with the objectives of the 2017 national security strategy (NSS), the 2018 national defence strategy, and national economic and technology policy goals.

“This strategy addresses how US DoD will: develop superior EMS capabilities; evolve to an agile, fully integrated EMS infrastructure; pursue total force EMS readiness; secure enduring partnerships for EMS advantage; and establish effective EMS governance to support strategic and operational objectives.”

“Investment in these areas will speed decision-quality information to the warfighter, establish effective electromagnetic battle management, enable EMS sharing with commercial partners, advance EMS war fighting capabilities, and ensure our forces maintain EMS superiority,” US secretary of defence (SoD) Mark T. Esper, wrote in the forward of the strategy document.

“The department is dedicated to a unified, holistic EMS operations (EMSO) approach which ensures our freedom of action in the EMS at the time and place of our choosing,” US air force general, vice chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, John E. Hyten said, and added, “We cannot expect military success in any domain if we fail to take bold action to ensure that the US and its allies have freedom to act in the spectrum. Implementing the EMS superiority strategy enables us to take that bold action so we are able to dominate the spectrum in all domains and, if challenged, win against our enemies.”

The strategy builds upon existing joint and service doctrine and operational concepts that incorporate the full range of military activities in the EMS.

The modern electromagnetic operational environment (EMOE) is increasingly complex and is congested, contested, and constrained.

This strategy addresses the complexity by advancing EMS sharing and manoeuvre to ensure continued spectrum access, as emphasised in the NSS and the 2018 presidential memorandum on developing a sustainable spectrum strategy for America’s future.

The strategy supports the full range of activities US DoD must conduct in the EMS across the competition continuum.

It recognises that the same technology used to enable the manoeuvrability required in the highly contested near-peer environments can also be used to enhance access in highly regulated peacetime environments.

It incorporates an EMS enterprise focus on superiority in congested and contested EMOEs of conflict as well as the need to test, train, and operate in congested and constrained peacetime EMOEs.

The strategy highlights the tremendous advantage afforded to the competitor that gains and maintains EMS superiority across the competition continuum and that by developing innovative asymmetric EMS capabilities, US DoD can protect expensive friendly capabilities from disruption or attrition, while simultaneously denying or degrading the effectiveness of adversaries’ high-priced systems.

The US DoD will focus on five interdependent goals: develop superior EMS capabilities; evolve to an agile, and fully integrated, EMS infrastructure; pursue total force readiness in the EMS; secure enduring partnerships for EMS advantage; and establish effective EMS governance.

“The department’s evolution in the EMS is necessary for the US military’s ability to effectively sense, command, control, communicate, test, train, protect, and project force,” US under secretary of defence for acquisition and sustainment Ellen Lord said, and added, “Modernising to maintain competitive advantage over near-peer adversaries will enable US DoD to assert EMS superiority and mitigate risks to US national and economic security.”